FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
24 Hour / 7day a Week Alcohol and Other
Drug Abuse Monitoring
1. Why use SLEEPTIME™?
SLEEPTIME™ makes detection of abuse of alcohol and many other drugs efficient, accurate, and economical. SLEEPTIME™ allows the participant to engage in normal activities while being monitored for alcohol and other drug use 24 hours a day – 7 days a week. Supervision is achieved at less than 1/3 of the cost of other, alcohol only monitoring systems. SLEEPTIME™ provides a court admissable toxicoligy report when a subject uses alcohol or drugs.
2. How does SLEEPTIME™ work?
Alcohol and other drug abuse impacts normal sleep patterns. The SLEEPTIME™ Actigraphy wrist monitors worn by subjects are the same FDA cleared technology used to measure sleep patterns in individuals suffering from various medical disorders. The SLEEPTIME™ monitor measures motor activity, taking a reading every minute. These readings are stored in the SLEEPTIME™ unit. When the subject reports, the data gathered by SLEEPTIME™ unit is downloaded and possible alcohol or drug usage is detected.
3. Does SLEEPTIME™ detect drugs as well as alcohol?
The disruption of sleep patterns from alcohol use is well documented over a period of many years and by extensive sleep research. On the other hand there is little research on how drugs disrupt sleep. In the period of time that SLEEPTIME™ has been available it has caught Cocaine, THC, Benzodiazepines, Cocaine Meth, Amphetamines and Opiates.
4. How are SLEEPTIME™ Results confirmed?
The SLEEPTIME™ subject usually has the unit read every Monday and Thursday. If alcohol or drug use is suspected based on the SLEEPTIME™ reading, the subject is given a chance to admit such use. If the SLEEPTIME™ subject denies suspected alcohol or drug use a urine sample is collected and sent to the SLEEPTIME™ lab. The sample is analyzed for drugs of abuse and alcohol, including amphetamine, methamphetamine, THC, cocaine, opiates, benzodiazepines, PCP, barbiturates, Oxycodone and methadone. If results of this analysis are negative then an EtG (Ethyl Glucuronide test is run. EtG testing reliably detects beverage alcohol consumption for 3 ½ days after use.
5. How is SLEEPTIME™ actually used?
The subject is setup on SLEEPTIME™ by entering identifying information into the SLEEPTIME™ unit. The unit is attached to the non-dominant wrist with a tamper evident band. The subject typically reports every Monday and Thursday to have the unit read. The reading process is automated and can be facilitated by the subject. The file automatically uploads to the SLEEPTIME™ server and is analyzed in about 60 seconds. The server then immediately sends an email to the SLEEPTIME™ administrator indicating if further testing is needed.
6. How are SLEEPTIME™ results reported?
When a subject uploads SLEEPTIME™ data on report days it is automatically transmitted to the SLEEPTIME™ server through the agency internet connection. Upon receipt of the data the SLEEPTIME™ server, it is analyzed for abnormal sleep patterns. An email is immediately generated and sent to the agency SLEEPTIME™ system administrator. The email will indicate either that SLEEPTIME™ suspects’ drug or alcohol use or that subject has been clean since the last SLEEPTIME™ reading.
7. Has the US FDA approved the SLEEPTIME™ system?
The SLEEPTIME™ hardware is a FDA cleared medical device. It has been used in applications for many years.
8. Is the SLEEPTIME™ system legally defensible?
SLEEPTIME™ is a screening test; it identifies sleep patterns that are likely to be inconsistent with abstinent functioning. When a subject is suspected of using they are given a chance to admit usage. If they deny usage then a urine sample should be taken and sent to the SLEEPTIME™ lab where it will be analyzed for the presence of alcohol and drugs. These urine tests must be completed to meet the requirement for legal defensibility.
9. How do SLEEPTIME™ results correspond to urine test results?
Since SLEEPTIME™ will always error on the side of caution, negative urine results will occur from time to time. SLEEPTIME™ pays for all negative urine results. Monitoring agencies typically pass on the cost of SLEEPTIME™ positive urine tests to offenders, since they are given an opportunity to admit alcohol or drug usage prior to the collection and analysis of the SLEEPTIME™ urine samples.